Academy Dental

Treating Periodontal Disease

Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums that gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. If left untreated the disease can cause tooth loss and may lead to an increased risk of other health problems such as strokes and heart attacks.

What causes it?

Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in susceptible individuals. Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums. Plaque can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). This can occur both above and below the gum line.

The disease may cause the gums to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth causing pockets (spaces) to form. However, bleeding, redness, and swelling do not have to be present. Also pain or discomfort is usually not associated with periodontal disease.

Possible symptoms

  • Red, swollen or bleeding gums
  • Receding gums or getting “long in the tooth”
  • Bone loss in the jaw
  • Loose teeth
  • Infection around a dental implant (peri-implantitis)
  • Persistent bad breath or unpleasant taste

Treatment of Periodontitis

Root disinfection or root planning involves carefully removing the build-up of bacteria and toxins below the gum where it is impossible to reach with a toothbrush. The infected gum tissue of the periodontal pocket is removed which allows the gum to shrink and reattach to the tooth.

Regular root disinfection is usually required as the gum attachment is weaker than before the infection and you must be meticulous in keeping the gumline clean.

Advances stages of periodontal disease may require surgical procedures to treat.

Who is a Periodontist?

A periodontist is a dentist who specialises in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease and in the placement of dental implants. Periodontists receive extensive training in these areas, including three additional years of post-graduate education. Periodontists are familiar with the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating periodontal disease such as scaling and root disinfection, soft tissue grafts and regenerative procedures. In addition, they can perform cosmetic periodontal procedures to help you achieve the smile you desire.

A periodontist will evaluate your unique condition and offer the treatment that is best for you; one that is supported by both science and experience. Your periodontist can also answer any questions that you may have about alternate treatment options.

Often, dentists refer their patients to a periodontist when periodontal disease is present. However, you don’t need a referral to see a periodontist. In fact, there are occasions when you may choose to go directly to a periodontist or to refer a family member or friend to periodontist.

Our implant dentist Dr Pchatar Samra at Academy Dental Care is a dentist with a special interest in periodontics. He has obtained a Diploma in Clinical Periodontal Surgery and he is highly skilled in tackling complex cases.